First Look at Firefox-Based Netscape

The Netscape Browser prototype is based on Mozilla Firefox 0.9.3. Netscape are very careful to use the term 'prototype' as opposed to 'beta' but the FAQ for the release suggests that they anticipate a shipping product based on the technology to launch in 2005. On Windows XP (the prototype is available for Windows 98, ME, NT4, 2000 and XP), the user-agent string is 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.7) Gecko/20041122 Firefox/0.5.6+'. We're not sure where they got the '0.5.6+' from or why 'Netscape' isn't included.

The installer is a pretty standard affair based on the Nullsoft Scriptable Install System. By default the browser installs to C:\Program Files\Netscape\Netscape Browser or the localised equivalent. During the installation, a US ZIP code is requested to allow Netscape to provide local weather information (more on that later). This UK-based correspondent entered the only US ZIP code he knows, 90210.

The splash screen is the best for years:

The rectangular splash screen features the Netscape logo of glass sphere containing a large 'N' on a black hill. The word 'Netscape' appears in white to the right of the logo, with 'BROWSER' in smaller text in the lower right corner. The splash screen background is predominately a striped green colour, except for a curved black area at the bottom, which appears to extend out from the darkened hill of the 'N' logo.

Here's what the new Netscape looks like when it starts:

The Netscape Browser window is predominately green. It features a large Netscape logo at the top-left, with a menu bar and window controls (Minimize, Maximize and Close) at the far right. Below this are three rows of toolbars, containing mainly grey buttons with a Location bar, Search field, browser tabs and various other controls. The vast majority of the screen area is given over to page display.

Mmm, green. Let's take a look at the different parts of the user interface. First of all, the top-left, with the title bar and the left part of the Navigation Toolbar:

At the far left is a circular Netscape 'N' logo, with the page title and 'Netscape Browser' to the right. Below this text are five predominately grey and circular buttons (Back, Forward, Reload, Stop and Home) and the Location bar, which includes an integrated Go button.

The Netscape logo doubles as a throbber (the animation is identical to the one in Netscape 7.2). The standard Windows title bar is not used; Netscape Browser rolls its own with XUL. The Back, Forward, Reload and Stop buttons have no surprises. The Home button has a little menu attached. The first menu item is just the home page URL; if a user has multiple home pages (as is the default) they are all listed separately, allowing just a single home page to be opened. The menu continues with a separator and four additional items: 'Set Home with Current Page', 'Set Home with Bookmark...', 'Set Home with Blank Page' and 'Set Home Group with Current tabs'. We can tell that they're trying to make it easier for users to change their home pages but they've just cluttered the interface with options that will probably be hit accidentally more often than intentionally. The final item on the left side of the Navigation Toolbar is the venerable Location bar, which works just like in Firefox. The Go button is integrated and cannot be detached, which is a fairly good idea. Sadly, it's one of the few good design decisions in Netscape Browser.

Here's what the right-hand side of the Navigation Toolbar looks like:

The Netscape Browser menu bar (File, Edit, View, Go, Bookmarks, Tools and Help) and window controls (Minimize, Maximize and Close) appear above five more toolbar buttons.

Unusually, the menu bar is right-aligned and grouped with the window controls (a further reminder that Netscape has rejected the standard Windows title bar and decorations). The actual menu items are largely the same as Firefox's, except that there's no context menus for the items in the Bookmarks menu.

The left-most button controls popup blocking. It has the caption 'Allowed' if popups are allowed and 'Blocked' if they're blocked. The button is a simple toggle between the two modes but it also comes with a menu, containing options such as, 'Display Number of Pop-ups Blocked' (turns the button into a counter) and 'Play sound when Pop-up is Blocked' (irritatingly, this sound is the same as the one used to indicate that a Buddy has signed off in AOL Instant Messenger). You can also bring up a list of sites that have had popups blocked (useless as you cannot do anything with it) and go into the Options to fine-tune the pop-up blocking for the current site.

The next button is for the Passcard Manager, which is the new name for the Password Manager. If you're on a site for which you have a saved login (or 'Passcard' as it's called now), hitting the button fills in the relevant information (unlike in Firefox and earlier Netscape incarnations, it's not filled in automatically by default). The associated menu also lets you choose which named Passcard to use (only appropriate if you have multiple logins for a site, each of which you are prompted to name when saving), enter a login and submit the form straight away, and edit the stored Passcards for the current site. Overall, we find the Passcard Manager to be far inferior to the simplicity of Firefox's Password Manager, which automatically fills in login forms when there's just one login for a site and uses an autocomplete mechanism when there's several. Netscape Browser, on the other hand, requires the user to explicitly do something to get the feature to work and adds to the confusion by requiring logins to be named.

The Form Fill button is used for rapidly filling out forms. It's separate from the standard Firefox feature that autocompletes form fields based on saved data (this feature is still present in Netscape Browser). With Form Fill, you can input frequently requested personal information (name, address, email etc.) into the Options dialogue and then hit the Form Fill button to have it entered into a Web page form. Fields which are filled in using this feature are highlighted in yellow. It's very similar to the AutoFill feature of the Google Toolbar and, in our very limited testing, works rather well.

Next up is a button for clearing the history. Its menu also has items for deleting other private data, such as stored cookies and the cache. In addition, there's a menu item for 'Anonymous Mode', which, despite its name, is more of a preference. It simply tells Netscape to delete all private data when exiting ( a useful and oft-requested feature). Strangely, this menu item is not a toggle and users must visit the Options dialogue to turn it off. Finally, there's the Print button, which isn't terribly exiciting.

Let's move on to the Personal Toolbar, which isn't particularly personal, as it doesn't feature the Bookmarks Toolbar Items by default. Here's what the left side of the default Personal Toolbar looks like:

The left side of the toolbar has a button with a weather symbol and temperature, a bar containing a Netscape icon and a news headline, and a Search bar with a drop-down menu arrow and a Search button.

The weather forecast is localised based on the ZIP code supplied during installation. Clicking the weather button takes you to a fuller forecast, while the menu lets you see national temperatures and update your location. It's actually quite a useful and unobtrusive feature.

Which is more than can be said for the News Ticker, the next item along. It cycles through ten or so headlines, spending a few seconds on each one. If a headline doesn't fit, it scrolls. The movement is more than a little distracting. Clicking on the ticker reveals a menu with the ten headlines in it, each of which links to a full story. There's also a 'Select feed' submenu, which lets you choose what sort of news you see. The options are Headlines, Money, Sports, Entertainment and, curiously, Slashdot. It doesn't appear to be possible to add your own feed.

Next up is the Search bar, which is identical to Firefox's, except that Netscape Search is the only search engine. The drop-down menu contains previous searches and a clear item that doesn't actually work.

Let's take a look at the rest of the Personal Toolbar:

The right side of the toolbar has another News Ticker and an item that looks very similar to a News Ticker with the text 'Prototype Feed Back'. At the far right is a Customize button.

First up is another News Ticker, this one set to display financial headlines. You seem to be stuck with just the two News Tickers; you can remove one or both but we couldn't find a way to add any more. The next item, despite looking very much like a News Ticker, is actually a link to the Netscape Browser Review prototype feedback area. The associated menu lets you be more specific about which part of the feedback area you wish to visit. The Customize button launches the toolbar customisation dialogue. Let's take a look at that now:

The toolbar customisation dialogue has instructional text at the top: "Drag an item onto the toolbars above to add it." Below this is a tabbed area, with four tabs: Navigational, Functional, Personal and Headline. Inside the tabbed area are a collection of labelled toolbar buttons, separators and spaces. At the bottom is a 'Show:' select box (with 'Icons' selected), a 'Use Small Icons' checkbox, an 'Add New Toolbar' button and a 'Restore Default Set' button.

Yes, there's enough buttons to warrant tabs. The Navigational tab contains more than just navigational controls, with buttons for clipboard operations and the like also living here. The Functional tab is home to the buttons on the right-hand side of the Navigation Toolbar, all of which are enabled by default. The Personal tab is anything but; it's filled with buttons to take you to various America Online properites (inStore shopping, Moviefone cinema listings, MapQuest etc.). There's a button for AOL Instant Messenger that just goes to, despite the help suggesting that there's a built-in client. The Headline tab has some of sort of Stock Ticker and is where the two News Tickers go if you remove them. After you close the customisation dialogue, there's a noticeable delay while everything updates.

On to the tab bar, illustrated below:

The tab bar has a My Sidebar button at the left, then a 'New Tab' button illustrated by a tab with a + sign, followed by the browser tabs themselves. At the far right is an icon with a tab and a down arrow.

The first icon opens My Sidebar, which seems to be unchanged from Netscape 7. The next button opens a new tab, which by default opens to the right of the current tab and duplicates its content. The attached menu also lets you open a blank tab or a tab with your home page, and has an item to jump to the Tab Browsing panel in Options. The button at the far right opens a menu listing all the tabs in the current window. The actual tabs themselves have controls on them too: background tabs just have a close button, while the active tab has a Site Controls icon and a close button with a menu.

Site Controls is a major feature Netscape is promoting for this release. It is intended to balance functionality with security on a site-by-site basis. Clicking the Site Controls icon brings up a menu:

The Site Controls menu has the following items: 'Display like Internet Explorer', a separator, 'Display Site in Low Security Mode', 'Display Site in Medium Security Mode', 'Display Site in High Security Mode', another separator, 'Allow Popups', 'Allow Cookies', yet another separator, 'Advanced' (which is a submenu containing 'Allow ActiveX', 'Allow Javascript' and 'Allow Java'), a final separator, 'Site Control Options' and 'About Site Controls'.

If the sight of the 'Display like Internet Explorer' option made you break out in a cold sweat, please be seated. It's true: this option makes Netscape use IE's Trident rendering engine for the current site. Here's how Netscape describe it in their help file: "Remember the old debate over which is the best browser? Tired of having to use different browsers to surf the web? Well, now the debate is over: Netscape Browser includes two separate layout engines, so you can choose to view a web site like Netscape Browser or like Internet Explorer." They may as well have said, "That's it, we surrender." With 'Display like Internet Explorer' enabled, Netscape uses IE to render pages, sends the user-agent of your installed version of IE to websites and makes Microsoft representatives say, "We are very pleased to see a vibrant ecosystem involving hundreds of partners and independent software vendors continue to develop on the IE platform." The option is omnipresent in Netscape's context menus, always the first item in the content area.

With that shock out of the way, let's move on to the Low, Medium and High Security modes. The Low Security mode switches to the IE rendering engine if it's not already selected (guess Gecko is incapable of low security) and enables ActiveX, JavaScript and Java. The Medium Security mode, which is available with either Gecko or Trident, enables JavaScript and Java but disables ActiveX. The High Security Mode, also available to both rendering engines, blocks all three. Below the three modes, the popup and cookie options are fairly self-explanatory. The Advanced submenu lets the user toggle support for ActiveX (only enabled in the IE display mode; they don't seem to exploit the Mozilla plugin for hosting ActiveX controls), JavaScript (which they miscapitalise as 'Javascript') and Java. Finally, 'Site Control Options' takes you to the Options dialogue to fine-tune settings for the current site and 'About Site Controls' doesn't seem to do anything. Netscape Browser automatically saves your Site Control customisations for each site and applies them again on your next visit.

The close button on each tab works as expected but with the active tab, you can also get a menu:

The close tab menu has the following items: 'Close all except active', 'Close active tab', a separator, 'Close all to the left', 'Close all to the right', another separator, 'Close blank', a final separator, 'Close all from same site' and 'Close all except from same site'.

Bet you never knew there were so many ways to close a tab, did you? The first two items are useful (you'll know them as 'Close Tab' and 'Close Other Tabs' from Firefox), the next two ('Close all to the left' and 'Close all to the right') look less so. 'Close blank' (closes all blank tabs) could come in handy but possibly not often enough to warrant a menu item. The 'Close all from same site' and 'Close all except from same site' items may be useful to some. Overall, however, we think Netscape have made closing tabs far too complicated.

The Options dialogue is largely the same as Firefox's. The General panel is, as far as we can tell, identical to the one in Firefox 0.9.3. The Privacy panel is almost the same, with a just a few changes to accommodate features like Form Fill, the Passcard Manager and Anonymous Mode. However, there doesn't seem to be a way to remove saved form information (not Form Fill but the data that's collected automatically for use with autocomplete) or to turn the collection of this information off. The Tab Browsing panel is where it gets interesting:

The Tab Browsing panel in Options has a plethora of preferences for specifying things like what controls should appear on tabs, where new tabs should open and under what circumstances existing tabs should be reused or new tabs opened.

It looks like Netscape may have seen bug 108941 and not got the joke. There are far too many obscure options here. Granted, some, like the 'Open popups in a new tab' option (which was yanked from Firefox just before 1.0), may be useful, but others, such as the preference for specifying where the focus should move to when a tab is closed, have no place in a browser for mortals. We suspect Netscape hope they can please everybody with these options but in reality they're likely to satisfy a handful of geeks, confuse a large number of others and have no effect on the majority who will never touch any of these options and just use the defaults.

Next up is the panel for the Site Controls feature:

The Site Controls panel displays a list of sites together with their Security Modes in the top part of the dialogue and features two tabs, Content and Security/Privacy, in the lower half. The Content tab has a 'Display Engine' selector and a group of 'Popup Control' checkboxes: 'Allow popup windows', 'Show number blocked' and 'Play sound on block'. Next to the 'Popup Control' group is an 'Images' group, with  an 'Allow images' checkbox and a 'From originating site only' sub-checkbox.

It's fairly simple, you select the site you want in the top half and then change its settings in the lower portion of the panel. Strangely, you can't change the overall Low/Medium/High Security Mode, just tweak the individual settings. The Security/Privacy tab lets you toggle ActiveX, Java and JavaScript (capitalised correctly this time), including advanced JavaScript options (whether scripts can do things like hide the Status Bar and resize windows). Cookies can be enabled or disabled and the Cookie Manager can be opened to view or delete individual cookies. In addition, a button is available to view Passcards, though this disconcertingly jumps to another part of the Options dialogue. The Site Controls panel gathers together the all the site-specific options in one place, which is nice, but we're not sure all of them are strictly necessary (do you really want to control whether you hear a sound when a popup is blocked on a site-by-site basis?). Still, it's good to see that Netscape are providing a user interface for image blocking for the first time (it was always hidden in Netscape 6 and 7).

The list of configured sites in a fresh install is interesting. The first two, Default and Local Files, aren't really sites at all: Default contains the settings applied to sites you haven't visited yet and Local Files is for files on your own computer (interestingly, this uses the IE engine by default, possibly to allow CD-ROMs that rely on Internet Explorer to work). The first real site is, configured allow popup windows, followed by, which seems to be where the News Tickers get their data from. The final site is, set to a Low Security Mode, presumably so that Windows Update works (and it does, we've tried).

The Downloads panel is as in Firefox. The Forms/Passcards panel has two tabs, one for Form Fill and one for the Passcard Manager. Form Fill first:

The Form Fill tab has two checkboxes: 'Automatically fill out any form' and 'Ask me before filling out any form'. Below this are fields for entering personal information, such as 'First Name', 'Last Name', 'E-Mail Address' and 'Phone Number'. An Actions group box has a 'Credit Card...' button with the text 'Click to add or edit your credit card information' and a 'Clear All' button with 'Click to clear all your Contact and Credit Card information'.

These options are for use with the Form Fill feature described earlier. You tap in your details here and they can then be inserted into any appropriate form with relative ease. Credit card details can also be entered and a password set up to protect them.

The Passcard Manager tab:

The Passcard Manager tab has a table with the headings 'Site', 'Passcard' and 'Username', together with Edit, Remove and Remove All buttons. Below this are three tabs: Passcard Behavior, Default Passcard and Passcard Protection. The Passcard Behavior tab has an 'Automatically fill in the user id and password upon visiting a site' checkbox and an 'Auto save my login information' checkbox, which has its own sub-checkbox, 'Prompt me to save the login info'.

Users can select individual Passcards (a Passcard, as you will recall, is a single login for a particular site) and then edit or remove the data. You might notice that there is no equivalent of the Password Manager's 'Passwords Never Saved' list: this is because there is no such functionality in the Passcard Manager; if you never want to save a login for a particular site, you have to reject the offer to store it every time. Another reason why Netscape should have stayed with the perfectly adequate (and frankly superior) Firefox Password Manager. The Default Passcard tab lets you enter a default username and password (what for, we're not sure) and the Passcard Protection tab lets you set a master password and choose how often you want to be prompted for it.

The Advanced tab is much the same as in Firefox 0.9.3. And that concludes our brief tour of Netscape Browser.

With this prototype, Netscape have taken the lean and mean Firefox and created a browser that's... just not as good. They've added far too much clutter (the Tab Browsing panel in Options should go straight to the Interface Hall of Shame) and features such as the Passcard Manager are less streamlined and more confusing than their standard Firefox equivalents. Site Controls is an interesting idea but most users are simply not going to want to fiddle around with per-site settings when they could be doing useful browsing. The idea of Security Modes is laughable: Netscape Browser should always be secure. The decision to offer Internet Explorer's Trident as an alternative rendering engine, while pragmatic, is an insult to the heritage of Netscape and may set the cause of standards evangelism back years. There is some promise though. Form Fill looks genuinely worthwhile and the weather forecast feature is both useful and discreet. The News Ticker could also be beneficial to both Netscape's users and its business interests, were it not so annoying and were there not so many of them (who needs two news tickers anyway?). Overall, the Netscape Browser Prototype is a poorly designed piece of software, though one that is built on a solid foundation and has some interesting ideas.

So who's behind this release? As we all know, there are no software engineers employed by Netscape any more, so the development must have been outsourced. With a little digging around, it becomes apparent that a Canadian outfit called Mercurial Communications are responsible. Their client list includes a certain Netscape of Columbus, Ohio (apart from the soon-to-be-sold-to-Red-Hat server division, Netscape no longer has any presence in Mountain View).

Finally, here's the About Netscape Browser box, featuring the old square logo:

The About Netscape Browser box has a large square Netscape logo featuring the letter 'N' on a dark hill, with the words 'Netscape Browser' underneath. Further down it says, "version 0.5.6+ - based on Firefox 0.9.3". Below this is some legal text: "©2004 Netscape Communications Corporation. All rights reserved. Portions ©1998-2004 Contributors to the Mozilla Foundation. All rights reserved. Netscape and the Netscape logo are registered trademarks of Netscape Communications Corporation. Other product and brand names are trademarks of their respective owners." In an box below is the text, "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.7) Gecko/20041122 Firefox/0.5.6+ Build number: 20041122". At the very bottom is a 'Credits' button and an 'OK' button.

The credits button shows a scroller similar to the Firefox one, except that all the names appear to be employees of Mercurial. CEO Chris Coldwell is apparently responsible for 'Architecture and Inspiration', whatever that means. The famous about:mozilla Easter egg appears to have been removed.

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